U.K. Fire Statistics 1998-2002
Data Origin - As published by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister -U.K.
References in this newsheet are to information available within the public domain for fires recorded during the period 1998-2002 – latest available – and DO NOT include information on fires that occurred within domestic properties or dwellings.
Whilst it is accepted that the information provided relates exclusively to the U.K. the author believes this to be representative of many other Industrial Countries.
During 2002 there were a total of 40,900 fires recorded in the UK in non-domestic buildings.
It is impossible for any statistics to accurately reflect the true cost to Industry as a result of fires. The direct costs associated with replacement or repair of fire damaged materials IS possible - but this figure would represent only a percentage of the TOTAL cost to individuals, Industry and possibly even National Economies when consequential losses are also taken into consideration. It is this combination of loss of immediate business and customers, plus the longer term affect on a Company that has suffered a major fire, that contributes to more than 50% of those Companies never recovering! To those that do recover, a costly business rebuilding programme and lengthy Insurance claims with increased future premiums/payments is not the brightest of futures.
It is widely acknowledged that more than 80% of Industrial fires are undetected OVERHEAT conditions which progress to a combustion stage. Detection at the original source of heat should therefore be the preferred product operating specification. This COULD provide fire PREVENTION rather than just fire DETECTION. This localised detection capability offered by LINEAR HEAT DETECTION also removes any reliance upon favourable airflows necessary to ensure detection. DIGITAL linear heat detection provides clearly defined response temperature characteristics, regardless of the length of heat sensitive cable exposed to the alarm condition.
Air Pressure changes within corridors found within hotels, hospitals, education establishments etc can result in smoke from an incipient fire being forced to remain at low levels - with an ultimate increase in response time before detection and in some cases even failure to detect the fire. The 1998-2002 UK fire statistics indicate that automatic fire detectors were installed but failed to operate in 13,935 fires during that 5 year period! That would not be the case if digital linear detection were installed at low level within such areas.
Many specifier’s incorrectly restrict the specification of LINEAR HEAT DETECTION to its 1970's original heavy Industrial applications. The traditional applications for linear detection now include proven protection of Fuel storage Tanks, Warehouses, Car Parks, Shopping Malls, Listed Buildings/Museums, Cold Stores, On & Off road vehicles, Road & Rail Tunnels, Thatched cottages and many more.